Add some basic validation to config parser.
[usenet/newsstats.git] / NewsStats.pm
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1# NewsStats.pm
2#
3# Library functions for the NewsStats package.
4#
5# Copyright (c) 2010-2012 Thomas Hochstein <thh@inter.net>
6#
7# This module can be redistributed and/or modified under the same terms under
8# which Perl itself is published.
9
10package NewsStats;
11
12use strict;
13use warnings;
14our ($VERSION, @ISA, @EXPORT, @EXPORT_OK, %EXPORT_TAGS);
15
16require Exporter;
17@ISA = qw(Exporter);
18@EXPORT = qw(
19 $MyVersion
20 $PackageVersion
21 $FullPath
22 $HomePath
23 ShowVersion
24 ShowPOD
25 ReadConfig
26 OverrideConfig
27 InitDB
28 Bleat
29);
30@EXPORT_OK = qw(
31 GetTimePeriod
32 LastMonth
33 SplitPeriod
34 ListMonth
35 ListNewsgroups
36 ParseHierarchies
37 ReadGroupList
38 OutputData
39 FormatOutput
40 SQLHierarchies
41 SQLSortOrder
42 SQLGroupList
43 SQLSetBounds
44 SQLBuildClause
45 GetMaxLength
46);
47%EXPORT_TAGS = ( TimePeriods => [qw(GetTimePeriod LastMonth SplitPeriod
48 ListMonth)],
49 Output => [qw(OutputData FormatOutput)],
50 SQLHelper => [qw(SQLHierarchies SQLSortOrder SQLGroupList
51 SQLSetBounds SQLBuildClause GetMaxLength)]);
52$VERSION = '0.01';
53our $PackageVersion = '0.01';
54
55use Data::Dumper;
56use File::Basename;
57
58use Config::Auto;
59use DBI;
60
61#####-------------------------------- Vars --------------------------------#####
62
63# trim the path
64our $FullPath = $0;
65our $HomePath = dirname($0);
66$0 =~ s%.*/%%;
67# set version string
68our $MyVersion = "$0 $::VERSION (NewsStats.pm $VERSION)";
69
70#####------------------------------- Basics -------------------------------#####
71
72################################################################################
73
74################################################################################
75sub ShowVersion {
76################################################################################
77### display version and exit
78 print "NewsStats v$PackageVersion\n$MyVersion\n";
79 print "Copyright (c) 2010-2012 Thomas Hochstein <thh\@inter.net>\n";
80 print "This program is free software; you may redistribute it ".
81 "and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.\n";
82 exit(100);
83};
84################################################################################
85
86################################################################################
87sub ShowPOD {
88################################################################################
89### feed myself to perldoc and exit
90 exec('perldoc', $FullPath);
91 exit(100);
92};
93################################################################################
94
95################################################################################
96sub ReadConfig {
97################################################################################
98### read config via Config::Auto
99### IN : $ConfFile: config filename
100### OUT: reference to a hash containing the configuration
101 my ($ConfFile) = @_;
102 # mandatory configuration options
103 my @Mandatory = ('DBDriver','DBHost','DBUser','DBPw','DBDatabase',
104 'DBTableRaw','DBTableGrps');
105 # read config via Config::Auto
106 my $ConfR = Config::Auto::parse($ConfFile, format => 'equal');
107 my %Conf = %{$ConfR};
108 # check for mandatory options
109 foreach (@Mandatory) {
110 &Bleat(2,sprintf("Mandatory configuration option %s is not set!",$_))
111 if (!defined($Conf{$_}));
112 }
113 # $Conf{'TLH'} is checked in gatherstats.pl
114 return $ConfR;
115};
116################################################################################
117
118################################################################################
119sub OverrideConfig {
120################################################################################
121### override configuration values
122### IN : $ConfigR : reference to configuration hash
123### $OverrideR: reference to a hash containing overrides
124 my ($ConfigR,$OverrideR) = @_;
125 my %Override = %$OverrideR;
126 # Config hash empty?
127 &Bleat(1,"Empty configuration hash passed to OverrideConfig()")
128 if ( keys %$ConfigR < 1);
129 # return if no overrides
130 return if (keys %Override < 1 or keys %$ConfigR < 1);
131 foreach my $Key (keys %Override) {
132 $$ConfigR{$Key} = $Override{$Key};
133 };
134};
135################################################################################
136
137################################################################################
138sub InitDB {
139################################################################################
140### initialise database connection
141### IN : $ConfigR: reference to configuration hash
142### $Die : if TRUE, die if connection fails
143### OUT: DBHandle
144 my ($ConfigR,$Die) = @_;
145 my %Conf = %$ConfigR;
146 my $DBHandle = DBI->connect(sprintf('DBI:%s:database=%s;host=%s',
147 $Conf{'DBDriver'},$Conf{'DBDatabase'},
148 $Conf{'DBHost'}), $Conf{'DBUser'},
149 $Conf{'DBPw'}, { PrintError => 0 });
150 if (!$DBHandle) {
151 &Bleat(2,$DBI::errstr) if (defined($Die) and $Die);
152 &Bleat(1,$DBI::errstr);
153 };
154 return $DBHandle;
155};
156################################################################################
157
158################################################################################
159sub Bleat {
160################################################################################
161### print warning or error messages and terminate in case of error
162### IN : $Level : 1 = warning, 2 = error
163### $Message: warning or error message
164 my ($Level,$Message) = @_;
165 if ($Level == 1) {
166 warn "$0 W: $Message\n"
167 } elsif ($Level == 2) {
168 die "$0 E: $Message\n"
169 } else {
170 print "$0: $Message\n"
171 }
172};
173################################################################################
174
175#####------------------------------ GetStats ------------------------------#####
176
177################################################################################
178sub ListNewsgroups {
179################################################################################
180### explode a (scalar) list of newsgroup names to a list of newsgroup and
181### hierarchy names where every newsgroup and hierarchy appears only once:
182### de.alt.test,de.alt.admin -> de.ALL, de.alt.ALL, de.alt.test, de.alt.admin
183### IN : $Newsgroups : a list of newsgroups (content of Newsgroups: header)
184### $TLH : top level hierarchy (all other newsgroups are ignored)
185### $ValidGroupsR: reference to a hash containing all valid newsgroups
186### as keys
187### OUT: %Newsgroups : hash containing all newsgroup and hierarchy names as keys
188 my ($Newsgroups,$TLH,$ValidGroupsR) = @_;
189 my %ValidGroups = %{$ValidGroupsR} if $ValidGroupsR;
190 my %Newsgroups;
191 chomp($Newsgroups);
192 # remove whitespace from contents of Newsgroups:
193 $Newsgroups =~ s/\s//;
194 # call &HierarchyCount for each newsgroup in $Newsgroups:
195 for (split /,/, $Newsgroups) {
196 # don't count newsgroup/hierarchy in wrong TLH
197 next if($TLH and !/^$TLH/);
198 # don't count invalid newsgroups
199 if(%ValidGroups and !defined($ValidGroups{$_})) {
200 warn (sprintf("DROPPED: %s\n",$_));
201 next;
202 }
203 # add original newsgroup to %Newsgroups
204 $Newsgroups{$_} = 1;
205 # add all hierarchy elements to %Newsgroups, amended by '.ALL',
206 # i.e. de.alt.ALL and de.ALL
207 foreach (ParseHierarchies($_)) {
208 $Newsgroups{$_.'.ALL'} = 1;
209 }
210 };
211 return %Newsgroups;
212};
213
214################################################################################
215sub ParseHierarchies {
216################################################################################
217### return a list of all hierarchy levels a newsgroup belongs to
218### (for de.alt.test.moderated that would be de/de.alt/de.alt.test)
219### IN : $Newsgroup : a newsgroup name
220### OUT: @Hierarchies: array containing all hierarchies the newsgroup belongs to
221 my ($Newsgroup) = @_;
222 my @Hierarchies;
223 # strip trailing dots
224 $Newsgroup =~ s/(.+)\.+$/$1/;
225 # butcher newsgroup name by "." and add each hierarchy to @Hierarchies
226 # i.e. de.alt.test: "de.alt" and "de"
227 while ($Newsgroup =~ /\./) {
228 $Newsgroup =~ s/^((?:\.?[^.]+)*)\.[^.]+$/$1/;
229 push @Hierarchies, $Newsgroup;
230 };
231 return @Hierarchies;
232};
233
234################################################################################
235sub ReadGroupList {
236################################################################################
237### read a list of valid newsgroups from file (each group on one line,
238### ignoring everything after the first whitespace and so accepting files
239### in checkgroups format as well as (parts of) an INN active file)
240### IN : $Filename : file to read
241### OUT: \%ValidGroups: hash containing all valid newsgroups
242 my ($Filename) = @_;
243 my %ValidGroups;
244 open (my $LIST,"<$Filename") or &Bleat(2,"Cannot read $Filename: $!");
245 while (<$LIST>) {
246 s/^\s*(\S+).*$/$1/;
247 chomp;
248 next if /^$/;
249 $ValidGroups{$_} = '1';
250 };
251 close $LIST;
252 return \%ValidGroups;
253};
254
255################################################################################
256
257#####----------------------------- TimePeriods ----------------------------#####
258
259################################################################################
260sub GetTimePeriod {
261################################################################################
262### get a time period to act on from --month option;
263### if empty, default to last month
264### IN : $Month: may be empty, 'YYYY-MM', 'YYYY-MM:YYYY-MM' or 'all'
265### OUT: $Verbal,$SQL: verbal description and WHERE-clause
266### of the chosen time period
267 my ($Month) = @_;
268 # define result variables
269 my ($Verbal, $SQL);
270 # define a regular expression for a month
271 my $REMonth = '\d{4}-\d{2}';
272
273 # default to last month if option is not set
274 if(!$Month) {
275 $Month = &LastMonth;
276 }
277
278 # check for valid input
279 if ($Month =~ /^$REMonth$/) {
280 # single month (YYYY-MM)
281 ($Month) = &CheckMonth($Month);
282 $Verbal = $Month;
283 $SQL = sprintf("month = '%s'",$Month);
284 } elsif ($Month =~ /^$REMonth:$REMonth$/) {
285 # time period (YYYY-MM:YYYY-MM)
286 $Verbal = sprintf('%s to %s',&SplitPeriod($Month));
287 $SQL = sprintf("month BETWEEN '%s' AND '%s'",&SplitPeriod($Month));
288 } elsif ($Month =~ /^all$/i) {
289 # special case: ALL
290 $Verbal = 'all time';
291 $SQL = '';
292 } else {
293 # invalid input
294 return (undef,undef);
295 }
296
297 return ($Verbal,$SQL);
298};
299
300################################################################################
301sub LastMonth {
302################################################################################
303### get last month from todays date in YYYY-MM format
304### OUT: last month as YYYY-MM
305 # get today's date
306 my (undef,undef,undef,undef,$Month,$Year,undef,undef,undef) = localtime(time);
307 # $Month is already defined from 0 to 11, so no need to decrease it by 1
308 $Year += 1900;
309 if ($Month < 1) {
310 $Month = 12;
311 $Year--;
312 };
313 # return last month
314 return sprintf('%4d-%02d',$Year,$Month);
315};
316
317################################################################################
318sub CheckMonth {
319################################################################################
320### check if input (in YYYY-MM form) is valid with MM between 01 and 12;
321### otherwise, fix it
322### IN : @Month: array of month
323### OUT: @Month: a valid month
324 my (@Month) = @_;
325 foreach my $Month (@Month) {
326 my ($OldMonth) = $Month;
327 my ($CalMonth) = substr ($Month, -2);
328 if ($CalMonth < 1 or $CalMonth > 12) {
329 $CalMonth = '12' if $CalMonth > 12;
330 $CalMonth = '01' if $CalMonth < 1;
331 substr($Month, -2) = $CalMonth;
332 &Bleat(1,sprintf("'%s' is an invalid date (MM must be between '01' ".
333 "and '12'), set to '%s'.",$OldMonth,$Month));
334 }
335 }
336 return @Month;
337};
338
339################################################################################
340sub SplitPeriod {
341################################################################################
342### split a time period denoted by YYYY-MM:YYYY-MM into start and end month
343### IN : $Period: time period
344### OUT: $StartMonth, $EndMonth
345 my ($Period) = @_;
346 my ($StartMonth, $EndMonth) = split /:/, $Period;
347 ($StartMonth,$EndMonth) = CheckMonth($StartMonth,$EndMonth);
348 # switch parameters as necessary
349 if ($EndMonth gt $StartMonth) {
350 return ($StartMonth, $EndMonth);
351 } else {
352 return ($EndMonth, $StartMonth);
353 };
354};
355
356################################################################################
357sub ListMonth {
358################################################################################
359### return a list of months (YYYY-MM) between start and end month
360### IN : $MonthExpression ('YYYY-MM' or 'YYYY-MM to YYYY-MM')
361### OUT: @Months: array containing all months from $MonthExpression enumerated
362 my ($MonthExpression )= @_;
363 # return if single month
364 return ($MonthExpression) if ($MonthExpression =~ /^\d{4}-\d{2}$/);
365 # parse $MonthExpression
366 my ($StartMonth, $EndMonth) = split(' to ',$MonthExpression);
367 # set $Year, $Month from $StartMonth
368 my ($Year, $Month) = split /-/, $StartMonth;
369 # define @Months
370 my (@Months);
371 until ("$Year-$Month" gt $EndMonth) {
372 push @Months, "$Year-$Month";
373 $Month = "$Month"; # force string context
374 $Month++;
375 if ($Month > 12) {
376 $Month = '01';
377 $Year++;
378 };
379 };
380 return @Months;
381};
382
383#####---------------------------- OutputFormats ---------------------------#####
384
385################################################################################
386sub OutputData {
387################################################################################
388### read database query results from DBHandle and print results with formatting
389### IN : $Format : format specifier
390### $Comments : print or suppress all comments for machine-readable output
391### $GroupBy : primary sorting order (month or key)
392### $Precision: number of digits right of decimal point (0 or 2)
393### $ValidKeys: reference to a hash containing all valid keys
394### $FileTempl: file name template (--filetemplate): filetempl-YYYY-MM
395### $DBQuery : database query handle with executed query,
396### containing $Month, $Key, $Value
397### $PadGroup : padding length for key field (optional) for 'pretty'
398 my ($Format, $Comments, $GroupBy, $Precision, $ValidKeys, $FileTempl,
399 $DBQuery, $PadGroup) = @_;
400 my %ValidKeys = %{$ValidKeys} if $ValidKeys;
401 my ($FileName, $Handle, $OUT);
402 our $LastIteration;
403
404 # define output types
405 my %LegalOutput;
406 @LegalOutput{('dump',,'list','pretty')} = ();
407 # bail out if format is unknown
408 &Bleat(2,"Unknown output type '$Format'!") if !exists($LegalOutput{$Format});
409
410 while (my ($Month, $Key, $Value) = $DBQuery->fetchrow_array) {
411 # don't display invalid keys
412 if(%ValidKeys and !defined($ValidKeys{$Key})) {
413 # FIXME
414 # &Bleat(1,sprintf("DROPPED: %s",$Key));
415 next;
416 };
417 # care for correct sorting order and abstract from month and keys:
418 # $Caption will be $Month or $Key, according to sorting order,
419 # and $Key will be $Key or $Month, respectively
420 my $Caption;
421 if ($GroupBy eq 'key') {
422 $Caption = $Key;
423 $Key = $Month;
424 } else {
425 $Caption = $Month;
426 }
427 # set output file handle
428 if (!$FileTempl) {
429 $Handle = *STDOUT{IO}; # set $Handle to a reference to STDOUT
430 } elsif (!defined($LastIteration) or $LastIteration ne $Caption) {
431 close $OUT if ($LastIteration);
432 # safeguards for filename creation:
433 # replace potential problem characters with '_'
434 $FileName = sprintf('%s-%s',$FileTempl,$Caption);
435 $FileName =~ s/[^a-zA-Z0-9_-]+/_/g;
436 open ($OUT,">$FileName")
437 or &Bleat(2,sprintf("Cannot open output file '%s': $!",
438 $FileName));
439 $Handle = $OUT;
440 };
441 print $Handle &FormatOutput($Format, $Comments, $Caption, $Key, $Value,
442 $Precision, $PadGroup);
443 $LastIteration = $Caption;
444 };
445 close $OUT if ($FileTempl);
446};
447
448################################################################################
449sub FormatOutput {
450################################################################################
451### format information for output according to format specifier
452### IN : $Format : format specifier
453### $Comments : print or suppress all comments for machine-readable output
454### $Caption : month (as YYYY-MM) or $Key, according to sorting order
455### $Key : newsgroup, client, ... or $Month, as above
456### $Value : number of postings with that attribute
457### $Precision: number of digits right of decimal point (0 or 2)
458### $PadGroup : padding length for key field (optional) for 'pretty'
459### OUT: $Output: formatted output
460 my ($Format, $Comments, $Caption, $Key, $Value, $Precision, $PadGroup) = @_;
461 my ($Output);
462 # keep last caption in mind
463 our ($LastIteration);
464 # create one line of output
465 if ($Format eq 'dump') {
466 # output as dump (key value)
467 $Output = sprintf ("# %s:\n",$Caption)
468 if ($Comments and (!defined($LastIteration) or $Caption ne $LastIteration));
469 $Output .= sprintf ("%s %u\n",$Key,$Value);
470 } elsif ($Format eq 'list') {
471 # output as list (caption key value)
472 $Output = sprintf ("%s %s %u\n",$Caption,$Key,$Value);
473 } elsif ($Format eq 'pretty') {
474 # output as a table
475 $Output = sprintf ("# ----- %s:\n",$Caption)
476 if ($Comments and (!defined($LastIteration) or $Caption ne $LastIteration));
477 $Output .= sprintf ($PadGroup ? sprintf("%%-%us %%10.*f\n",$PadGroup) :
478 "%s %.*f\n",$Key,$Precision,$Value);
479 };
480 return $Output;
481};
482
483#####------------------------- QueryModifications -------------------------#####
484
485################################################################################
486sub SQLHierarchies {
487################################################################################
488### add exclusion of hierarchy levels (de.alt.ALL) from SQL query by
489### amending the WHERE clause if $ShowHierarchies is false (or don't, if it is
490### true, accordingly)
491### IN : $ShowHierarchies: boolean value
492### OUT: SQL code
493 my ($ShowHierarchies) = @_;
494 return $ShowHierarchies ? '' : "newsgroup NOT LIKE '%.ALL'";
495};
496
497################################################################################
498sub GetMaxLength {
499################################################################################
500### get length of longest field in future query result
501### IN : $DBHandle : database handel
502### $Table : table to query
503### $Field : field to check
504### $WhereClause : WHERE clause
505### $HavingClause: HAVING clause
506### @BindVars : bind variables for WHERE clause
507### OUT: $Length: length of longest instnace of $Field
508 my ($DBHandle,$Table,$Field,$WhereClause,$HavingClause,@BindVars) = @_;
509 my $DBQuery = $DBHandle->prepare(sprintf("SELECT MAX(LENGTH(%s)) ".
510 "FROM %s %s %s",$Field,$Table,
511 $WhereClause,$HavingClause ?
512 'GROUP BY newsgroup' . $HavingClause .
513 ' ORDER BY LENGTH(newsgroup) '.
514 'DESC LIMIT 1': ''));
515 $DBQuery->execute(@BindVars) or &Bleat(1,sprintf("Can't get field length ".
516 "for '%s' from table '%s': ".
517 "$DBI::errstr",$Field,$Table));
518 my ($Length) = $DBQuery->fetchrow_array;
519 return $Length;
520};
521
522################################################################################
523sub SQLSortOrder {
524################################################################################
525### build a SQL 'ORDER BY' clause from $OptGroupBy (primary sorting) and
526### $OptOrderBy (secondary sorting), both ascending or descending;
527### descending sorting order is done by adding '-desc'
528### IN : $GroupBy: primary sort by 'month' (default) or 'newsgroups'
529### $OrderBy: secondary sort by month/newsgroups (default)
530### or number of 'postings'
531### OUT: a SQL ORDER BY clause
532 my ($GroupBy,$OrderBy) = @_;
533 my ($GroupSort,$OrderSort) = ('','');
534 # $GroupBy (primary sorting)
535 if (!$GroupBy) {
536 $GroupBy = 'month';
537 } else {
538 ($GroupBy, $GroupSort) = SQLParseOrder($GroupBy);
539 if ($GroupBy =~ /group/i) {
540 $GroupBy = 'newsgroup';
541 } else {
542 $GroupBy = 'month';
543 }
544 }
545 my $Secondary = ($GroupBy eq 'month') ? 'newsgroup' : 'month';
546 # $OrderBy (secondary sorting)
547 if (!$OrderBy) {
548 $OrderBy = $Secondary;
549 } else {
550 ($OrderBy, $OrderSort) = SQLParseOrder($OrderBy);
551 if ($OrderBy =~ /posting/i) {
552 $OrderBy = "postings $OrderSort, $Secondary";
553 } else {
554 $OrderBy = "$Secondary $OrderSort";
555 }
556 }
557 return ($GroupBy,&SQLBuildClause('order',"$GroupBy $GroupSort",$OrderBy));
558};
559
560################################################################################
561sub SQLParseOrder {
562################################################################################
563### parse $OptGroupBy or $OptOrderBy option of the form param[-desc], e.g.
564### 'month', 'month-desc', 'newsgroups-desc', but also just 'desc'
565### IN : $OrderOption: order option (see above)
566### OUT: parameter to sort by,
567### sort order ('DESC' or nothing, meaning 'ASC')
568 my ($OrderOption) = @_;
569 my $SortOrder = '';
570 if ($OrderOption =~ s/-?desc$//i) {
571 $SortOrder = 'DESC';
572 } else {
573 $OrderOption =~ s/-?asc$//i
574 }
575 return ($OrderOption,$SortOrder);
576};
577
578################################################################################
579sub SQLGroupList {
580################################################################################
581### explode list of newsgroups separated by : (with wildcards)
582### to a SQL 'WHERE' expression
583### IN : $Newsgroups: list of newsgroups (group.one.*:group.two:group.three.*)
584### OUT: SQL code to become part of a 'WHERE' clause,
585### list of newsgroups for SQL bindings
586 my ($Newsgroups) = @_;
587 # substitute '*' wildcard with SQL wildcard character '%'
588 $Newsgroups =~ s/\*/%/g;
589 # just one newsgroup?
590 return (SQLGroupWildcard($Newsgroups),$Newsgroups) if $Newsgroups !~ /:/;
591 # list of newsgroups separated by ':'
592 my $SQL = '(';
593 my @GroupList = split /:/, $Newsgroups;
594 foreach (@GroupList) {
595 $SQL .= ' OR ' if $SQL gt '(';
596 $SQL .= SQLGroupWildcard($_);
597 };
598 $SQL .= ')';
599 return ($SQL,@GroupList);
600};
601
602################################################################################
603sub SQLGroupWildcard {
604################################################################################
605### build a valid SQL 'WHERE' expression with or without wildcards
606### IN : $Newsgroup: newsgroup expression, probably with wildcard
607### (group.name or group.name.%)
608### OUT: SQL code to become part of a 'WHERE' clause
609 my ($Newsgroup) = @_;
610 # FIXME: check for validity
611 if ($Newsgroup !~ /%/) {
612 return 'newsgroup = ?';
613 } else {
614 return 'newsgroup LIKE ?';
615 }
616};
617
618################################################################################
619sub SQLSetBounds {
620################################################################################
621### set upper and/or lower boundary (number of postings)
622### IN : $Type: 'level', 'average', 'sum' or 'default'
623### $LowBound,$UppBound: lower/upper boundary, respectively
624### OUT: SQL code to become part of a WHERE or HAVING clause
625 my ($Type,$LowBound,$UppBound) = @_;
626 ($LowBound,$UppBound) = SQLCheckNumber($LowBound,$UppBound);
627 if($LowBound and $UppBound and $LowBound > $UppBound) {
628 &Bleat(1,"Lower boundary $LowBound is larger than Upper boundary ".
629 "$UppBound, exchanging boundaries.");
630 ($LowBound,$UppBound) = ($UppBound,$LowBound);
631 }
632 # default to 'default'
633 my $WhereHavingFunction = 'postings';
634 # set $LowBound to SQL statement:
635 # 'WHERE postings >=', 'HAVING MIN(postings) >=' or 'HAVING AVG(postings) >='
636 if ($Type eq 'level') {
637 $WhereHavingFunction = 'MIN(postings)'
638 } elsif ($Type eq 'average') {
639 $WhereHavingFunction = 'AVG(postings)'
640 } elsif ($Type eq 'sum') {
641 $WhereHavingFunction = 'SUM(postings)'
642 }
643 $LowBound = sprintf('%s >= '.$LowBound,$WhereHavingFunction) if ($LowBound);
644 # set $LowBound to SQL statement:
645 # 'WHERE postings <=', 'HAVING MAX(postings) <=' or 'HAVING AVG(postings) <='
646 if ($Type eq 'level') {
647 $WhereHavingFunction = 'MAX(postings)'
648 } elsif ($Type eq 'average') {
649 $WhereHavingFunction = 'AVG(postings)'
650 } elsif ($Type eq 'sum') {
651 $WhereHavingFunction = 'SUM(postings)'
652 }
653 $UppBound = sprintf('%s <= '.$UppBound,$WhereHavingFunction) if ($UppBound);
654 return ($LowBound,$UppBound);
655};
656
657################################################################################
658sub SQLCheckNumber {
659################################################################################
660### check if input is a valid positive integer; otherwise, make it one
661### IN : @Numbers: array of parameters
662### OUT: @Numbers: a valid positive integer
663 my (@Numbers) = @_;
664 foreach my $Number (@Numbers) {
665 if ($Number and $Number < 0) {
666 &Bleat(1,"Boundary $Number is < 0, set to ".-$Number);
667 $Number = -$Number;
668 }
669 $Number = '' if ($Number and $Number !~ /^\d+$/);
670 }
671 return @Numbers;
672};
673
674################################################################################
675sub SQLBuildClause {
676################################################################################
677### build a valid SQL WHERE, GROUP BY, ORDER BY or HAVING clause
678### from multiple expressions which *may* be empty
679### IN : $Type: 'where', 'having', 'group' or 'order'
680### @Expressions: array of expressions
681### OUT: $SQLClause: a SQL clause
682 my ($Type,@Expressions) = @_;
683 my ($SQLClause,$Separator,$Statement);
684 # set separator ('AND' or ',')
685 if ($Type eq 'where' or $Type eq 'having') {
686 $Separator = 'AND';
687 } else {
688 $Separator = ',';
689 }
690 # set statement
691 if ($Type eq 'where') {
692 $Statement = 'WHERE';
693 } elsif ($Type eq 'order') {
694 $Statement = 'ORDER BY';
695 } elsif ($Type eq 'having') {
696 $Statement = 'HAVING';
697 } else {
698 $Statement = 'GROUP BY';
699 }
700 # build query from expressions with separators
701 foreach my $Expression (@Expressions) {
702 if ($Expression) {
703 $SQLClause .= " $Separator " if ($SQLClause);
704 $SQLClause .= $Expression;
705 }
706 }
707 # add statement in front if not already present
708 $SQLClause = " $Statement " . $SQLClause
709 if ($SQLClause and $SQLClause !~ /$Statement/);
710 return $SQLClause;
711};
712
713
714#####------------------------------- done ---------------------------------#####
7151;
716
717
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